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Paraplegia

Paraplegia is a spinal cord injury that paralyses the lower limbs. It is a result of severe damage to the spinal cord and the nervous system. Paraplegia mainly affects the trunk, legs, and the pelvic region, resulting in loss of movement.

paraplegia - spine

Image credit: Wikimedia Commons


The effects of injury depend on the level along the spinal column (left). A dermatome is an area of the skin that sends sensory messages to a specific spinal nerve (right).


Symptoms
• Loss of ability to feel and move
• Loss of control over bowel and bladder
• Intense pain or tingling sensation in the lower abdomen , legs, and the pelvic region
• Problems in breathing and coughing
• Sexual function and fertility can be affected


Treatment
In the early stage, treatment is possible through medication and traction for immobilization. Surgery or experimental treatments can also be conducted.

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